THINGS can and do go wrong. Itís a fact of life in general, but something thatís an ever-present danger when heading off-road. A mis-step, incorrect wheel placement, or just slippery conditions can put your 4x4 in the line of danger within a split second.
It could be something as simple as the front wheels dropping down a ledge, through to a fully loaded camper trailer sliding off the side of the track and threatening to drag you with it. Either way, the results are basically the same: youíre in a bad situation and desperately need to do something pretty fancy to get yourself out of it.
Enter the winch redirection.
The concept is simple enough. A winch fitted to the front of your vehicle can pull you forwards but is next to useless in any other direction. But through the use of pulley blocks, itís possible to redirect the winch line Ė much like a multiple line pull Ė to alter where the pulling power is directed. Itís a skill you may never need to use in your entire off-road career Ė but that one time, in that one bad situation, it could very well save your life.
ē Standard recovery kit ē As much rope or cable as possible ē 3 snatch blocks ē 3 tree-trunk protectors ē 3 winch dampers ē 3 rated bow shackles
THIS should always be the fi rst step for any recovery where life or limb is at risk. If you need to perform a sideways winch, chances are your 4x4 is either over or close to the edge of the track. Get everyone out of the vehicle to a safe place out of harms way, and then stabilise it as much as possible before you start working on it. Branches lodged against the wheels can be enough to stop further slipping.
YOUíLL need two anchor points to perform a basic sideways recovery. Both need to be on the side you want to pull the vehicle towards Ė one in front of the vehicle and one behind. All the usual rules count; the largest tree will provide the most secure winch point. Look for any wounds or damage that could indicate the tree is in poor shape, as any internal rot will compromise its strength. Donít be afraid to use winch extension straps if suitable trees are too far away.
YOUíLL need a lot of line to do a recovery like this, but thatís good, as the more line you take off the drum, the more torque you have available. Unspool a large amount of line off the drum then begin laying it out how youíll need it.
Youíll need enough to attach the end of the line to the recovery point on the rear of your vehicle and then run through the two anchor points youíve selected off to the side.
WRAP a trunk protector around the tree, then attach a snatch block using a rated bow shackle with the line running through it. Unlike a multiple-line pull, the winch line will go to the next point in the line rather than back where it came from. Youíll need to complete this process on both recovery points. An extension strap can double as a trunk protector, but note that wrapping it around the tree can compress the bark and cut off the treeís water supply.
WHEN youíre confi dent youíve set everything up properly, fi t winch dampers to each line Ė so thatís three at a minimum. A heavy jumper or jacket can double as a damper in a pinch. Then, with all the lines properly damped, pull the line in until itís tensioned.
WITH everyone at a safe distance (and an escape plan if things go south) begin winching. As youíll literally be dragging your tyre sideways across the ground, the load will be high, so follow the 10/30 rule: 10 seconds winching followed by a 30 seconds break, to avoid damaging your battery or overheating your winch motor.
THEREíS been a lot of confusion about winching backwards over the years, with many saying itís impossible. The confusion comes down to a misunderstanding of what actually happens when you winch. The winch isnít pulling you forward, itís pulling line in, effectively shortening the available line between your vehicle and the recovery point.
In something as simple as a single-line pull, the result is one object moving closer to the other Ė hopefully the stuck 4x4 moving closer to the anchor point.
In a reverse winch, the set-up is essentially the same as a sideways winch, although instead of directly connecting to the rear recovery point, itís run through a double line pull first. This double line pull at the rear is then the easiest place for the line to shorten, leading to the 4x4 being pulled backwards, not forwards. The line is not actually anchored to anything in the front, so itíll just pull the line through the pulley block and back onto the drum. Itís a tricky operation that requires more gear than most carry, but if you travel solo itís worth keeping the gear Ė and the knowledge Ė up your sleeve.
WHEN your vehicle is on solid ground or at least where you want it, youíll need to re-secure it before you can back off the winch line.
Depending on the terrain, this can be as simple as ensuring itís in park with the handbrake applied, although chocking the wheels would be recommended.
It might be necessary to re-rig the winch to pull you further up the track before attempting to drive under your own power. After all, if the track was tricky enough to catch you once, you donít want to let it catch you twice.
After securing the vehicle and backing off the line, do a thorough visual inspection before spooling your line back onto the winch. In recoveries like this itís easy to miss a stray tree or rock rubbing on the line, which may have cut or damaged it. Depending on the damage, the line can be shortened or spliced to get you out of trouble, although should be replaced as soon as possible.
The sequence below shows how the rear of the vehicle was dragged sideways on to the track, to continue on its way forward.