Peugeot 308 R Hybrid

Hot hatch segment receives an electric shock


ENGINE 1598cc inline-4, DOHC, 16v (+ two electric motors) / POWER 373kW @ 6000rpm / TORQUE 730Nm @ 1900-5500rpm / WEIGHT 1550KG / 0-100KM/H 4.0sec / PRICE $100,000 (est)

LUG-IN hybrid powertrain technology is flooding into the performance car market as all advanced technologies tend to: from the top down.

It has transformed the modern hypercar into something we wouldn’t have recognised 20 years ago, and has left a big impression on the sportscar scene in the shape of the BMW i8.

And while the lukewarm Volkswagen Golf GTE has given it an outing among hot hatches, that’s nothing compared to Peugeot’s 373kW all-wheel drive mega-hatch which is capable of acceleration and responsiveness that’s unmatched in the segment.

The R Hybrid's primary power comes from Peugeot Sport’s 199kW 1.6-litre turbo four, but it carries 200kg of ballast in the form of an 85kW/201Nm electric motor for each axle and a 3kW/h lithium ion battery.

Unlike other performance hybrids, the 308’s front motor drives straight into the Torsen limited-slip front differential, bypassing Peugeot’s sixspeed automated manual gearbox.

Both motors employ single-speed reduction gearing.

The 308 GTi’s suspension has been fettled to cope with a combined 373kW and 730Nm. The R Hybrid’s tracks are 80mm wider than the GTi’s, and its front suspension has new struts, mounting points and wheel angles. Springs, dampers and anti-roll bars are all beefed up and it runs Michelin Pilot Sport 2s on wider 19-inch alloys. Peugeot Sport’s engineers claim the torsion beam rear suspension has the rigidity and sophistication to cope with extra longitudinal and lateral forces.

So what does 373kW feel like in a family five-door hatch? I can’t tell you, because the unfinished 308 R Hybrid prototype only develops that much urge in launch control mode, which was off the menu during our brief test drive.

P In the other modes – ZEV electriconly running, Hybrid and Hybrid Sport – it delivers a peak of 300kW and just over 540Nm; outputs that the high voltage electrical system can sustain for about five laps, or more unconditionally during road driving.

Demand over 300kW for more than a couple of typical straights and you’ll have a very hot, very depleted lithium ion battery to nurse.

So the 308 R Hybrid is a 373kW car in a restricted, occasional sense, but even with a piffling 300kW it’s indecently rapid enough to outsprint rivals from quattro and Mercedes- AMG up to 160km/h – whereafter the electric motors become ballast, with the ECU ramping them down to save the battery.

But as usual with electrified cars, it’s not the outright power or performance that takes your breath away, but the flexibility and immediacy. In a high gear at 80km/h, flatten the accelerator and you’re shunted forward on a wave of AC-synchronous torque. Peugeot claims 80-130km/h in just 3.1sec in sixth gear (an RS3 takes three times as long), which makes this one of the most muscular cars of its kind.

Yes, the 308 R Hybrid powertrain has limitations. As well as the car’s fleeting delivery of its full 373kW, there's its transmission. PSA’s automated manual ’box is cheap and light – I suspect it's a 308 GTi unit with electronic actuators replacing a clutch and gearlever – but it's not good enough for PSA’s current HYbrid4 line-up and no better here.

It shifts slowly, in a slurred, clumsy fashion. Peugeot says the electric motors cover the failing, filling the spaces the transmission leaves, but while acceleration is smooth and fierce, the gearbox’s crudity is obvious. When the engine engages through the Torsen diff while accelerating through a corner, it can cause an unexpected lane change.

Whether the 308 R makes production and at what price are decisions still to be made. But having demonstrated its enormous and intriguing potential, it seems Peugeot has a duty to see the project through.

There would be customers for this car, even at $100K, but the gearbox must go. The 308 R Hybrid has to feel like the most technically sophisticated five-door in the world, and the full 373kW must be accessible, if only briefly, as a regenerative ‘boost’ function; 373kW is what people will pay for.

Finally, it should be developed as a performance car, with handling and ride to suit. The car’s hybrid powertrain is much better suited to the demands of fast road driving than flat-out track work, and if customers understand that, they’ll be much happier campers in the end. M



Mid-range thrust; unrivalled performance in this segment


A new gearbox is vital; will it even come to Oz?

Peugeot claims, sixth gear, 80-130km/h in 3.1sec – an Audi RS3 takes three times as long