Sounds of change

Passo del Giogo isn’t particularly high, but it looms large in the story of Ferrari

WORDS JOHN CAREY PHOTOS TOM SALT

John Carey cracks open a howling 488 Spider on a famed Italian road course to embrace Ferrar i’s V8 histor y, and bask in its turbocharged future

ROM up here you can see the Autodromo del Mugello. This modern racetrack lies like some brilliantly realistic Scalextric set in the green Tuscan countryside below.

Stop, listen carefully, and you’ll even hear the distant rasp of the Formula Abarth openwheelers practising there. But right now isn’t the time for soaking up scenery and sounds.

Behind me, the engine barks three times.

Once for each downshift, braking hard for the approaching tight right. And then there’s a rising yowl as the 3.9-litre twin-turbo V8 thrusts the 488 Spider towards the next corner… and deeper into the web of history.

Topping out at 882 metres, the Passo del Giogo isn’t particularly high. But this pass looms large in the story of Ferrari. It’s one of two high points on the old Circuito del Mugello, a piece of racing history in the Apennine Mountains midway between Florence and Bologna. This long-gone 66km road circuit was famous first in the 1920s, then again in the second half of the 1960s.

Enzo Ferrari himself knew it well. Some of the photographs of him behind the huge, wood-rimmed steering wheels of the cars he raced are from Mugello.

Here’s a big-eyed, dark-haired young man from Modena with a broad smile and a taste for speed. There’s no hint of the imposing legend he was to become half a century later, calculating and inscrutable behind the permanent sunglasses.

Young Enzo was ambitious and persistent. Between 1920 and 1929 he competed six times on the Circuito del Mugello. The first time in a racer made in Milan by Isotta-Fraschini, the remainder in a variety of Alfa Romeo racers and sports cars. His best result was a second place in 1921, but mostly – three times – he failed to finish.

“Volevo essere un grande pilota, e non lo sono stato,” Ferrari once told an Italian interviewer, long after he’d made his name. “I wanted to be a great driver, and I wasn’t one.” How much did frustration at the Circuito

Passo del Giogo isn’t particularly high, but it looms large in the story of Ferrari

del Mugello contribute to this crucial realisation?

We’ll never know if this was the place that set him on a different path, first to running a race team, then eventually to building cars that bore his name.

What is certain is that the 488 Spider is more powerful than all the cars Enzo Ferrari raced here combined. Its 492kW engine is a member of Ferrari’s newest V8 family, specifically developed for the new 488 GTB coupe and Spider. It’s the biggest and most powerful of the Tipo 154 family. So far… WHAT an engine! Climbing the Giogo Pass, the 488 Spider accelerates like it’s driving downhill on a planet with vastly greater gravitational pull than our Earth.

It’s truly other-worldly. What’s so queer is that the bulk-delivery low-end torque is clearly the work of turbochargers, while the precision of throttle response and manic rev-happiness feel more like a pedigree atmo engine.

Like every other pass in Italy, there’s a bar and an elevation sign plastered in stickers left by tourists at the top of the Giogo. The 488 Spider passes them sedately. Through a narrow band around 2500-3000rpm, the V8 sounds, strangely, like something with half the number of cylinders.

From here the V8 can raise its voice for the downhill run to Firenzuola, one of the three larger towns on the Circuito del Mugello.

With the needle of the big tachometer pointing to the top half of the 8000rpm dial, the engine sounds magnificent, but muted. No need to lower the Spider’s fast-acting retractable hardtop to increase the volume.

There’s a button between the seats to drop the glass that’s wind-blocker or window, depending on whether the roof is up or down.

It was on this section of the circuit, about 6km north of the Giogo Pass, that Gunther ‘Bobby’ Klass died on a Saturday afternoon in July 1967. His Ferrari Dino 206 SP spun then hit a slim-trunked roadside walnut tree during official practice. The car was almost cut in half crossways. Enzo Ferrari rated the 31-year-old endurance and hillclimb specialist from Stuttgart a fine sports car driver. The other Dino 206 SP officially entered didn’t race next day as a sign of respect.

Dino is a name inextricably entwined with Ferrari’s gradual embrace of V8 engines for its road cars. It was the nickname of Enzo’s only legitimate son, Alfredo, a mechanical engineer who died tragically young in 1956 from muscular dystrophy. He’d been arguing the case for a V6 race engine until the last days of his short life.

In his memory, Enzo bestowed the Dino name to the various V6 and V8 race engines Ferrari developed in the late ’50s and early ’60s. They went into Formula One cars and other open-wheelers, then a series of mid-engined sports-prototypes that included the 206 SP. Finally, and most famously, the Dino label was given to the lovely V6-powered mid-engine two-seat road car launched in 1968. Its replacement, the 1973 Dino 308, became Ferrari’s first V8 road car (until May 1976 it wore Dino badges). This same basic engine line

Great Ferrar i V8s

458 Speciale (2013-15) e

Last of the naturally 9000rpm, were Speciale to practically aspirated Tipo 136 engine line. The 445kW 4.5-litre engine screamed to 9000rp and the car’s dynamics we equally thrilling. Special by name, and very special drive, this was a practical flawless Ferrari. engin

F355 (1994-99)

Some claim this was the last Ferrari shape. importantly, the F355 helped turn around Ferrari’s fortunes and reputation in the 1990s. More than 11,000 sold when the company was struggling. Its late-period 3.5-litre Dino V8 featured five-valve cylinder heads. th truly lovely F More importa

288 GTO (1984-87)

The F40 was the last car commissioned by Enzo, but wasn’t as fine as its predecessor, the 288 GTO.

This pretty Pininfarina-styled homologation special had a 2.8 twin-turbo V8 designed for racing. When Group B was killed by the FIA, the 300 cars built were sold for road use.

The 488 Spider is more powerful than all the cars Enzo Ferrari raced here combined

Turbo-taming

Ferrari’s switch to a smaller, twin-turbo V8 was made early this decade to reduce CO2 emissions.

Maranello’s engineers were conscious such a switch could endanger the scalpel-sharp throttle response that makes their cars special, so they embraced lag-killing technology. The 3.9-litre version developed for the 488 takes the quest further than any other member of the Tipo 154 family. Its pair of twin-scroll turbos have low-inertia titaniumaluminium compressor wheels in housings with abradable plastic seals around what could accurately be called the ‘suck hole’. Works a charm.

Though only 47cc larger than the closely related engine in the California T, it whacks out 80kW more, with throttle response that’s hard to fault.

would remain the basis of Maranello’s roadgoing V8s until 2004.

The cause of Klass’s crash was unclear, but today this is a piece of road that commands respect. Especially in a mid-engine rear-drive car with a busy vee of an engine, like the 488 Spider… or the 206 SP. The German’s car had a mid-mounted aspirated 2.0-litre V6 that could spin to 9000rpm. Though maximum power was only around 165kW, the little racer weighed less than 700kg. It was quick, no question.

The yawning difference between then and now isn’t because the 488 Spider is more than three times as powerful and twice the weight of a 206 SP. No, the big thing is that a modern Ferrari has an electronic safety net to preserve its driver from mortal danger.

What the tangle of interconnected alphanumerics – E-Diff3, F1-Trac, SSC and more – mean, in language anyone can understand, is that the 488 Spider has really approachable limits. It’s like meeting an adored idol and finding out they’re not scarily snooty.

THE next section of the old Circuito del Mugello is brilliant. From Firenzuola to the top of the fabled Passo della Futa, the road is better surfaced and more open.

It swoops along a ridgetop for some of the way, often presenting the driver’s eye with an inviting view of what lies ahead.

The manettino is on Sport, the setting for driving on dry public roads. But this doesn’t mean the 488 Spider won’t allow a little sideways attitude. This is a slight surprise because the Ferrari’s Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres at first seem to have inexhaustible grip. The front-end bite of the 488 Spider is especially impressive, as is the sweet precision of the steering.

Then I notice the flashing from the dash, signalling frequent and frantic electronic activity as the Ferrari punches out of every corner. The fabulous finesse of the electronics means they don’t diminish driver enjoyment one little bit. Instead they encourage you to gradually lift the pace, to find out exactly where the stellar limits of this car’s handling lie.

There are three plaques on a wall beside the roundabout near the top of the Futa Pass. The largest commemorates the most successful driver ever in the other great race through these mountains.

The Mille Miglia ran over the Futa going north, the opposite direction of racing on the Circuito del Mugello. Clemente Biondetti, memorialised here in bronze bas-relief, won the great road race four times – in 1938, then three times in a row from 1947 to 1949.

His final two victories were in early Ferraris with small V12 engines in their snouts.

It’s the less storied Mugello race that’s now remembered up here, 903 metres above sea level.

Stopping for a coffee at the Passo della Futa restaurant-bar-hotel, we meet Claudio Poletti. He makes the espressos, and notices our interest in the black-and-white photographs, mostly of old race cars, that almost cover the wall.

This place has been in his family since 1890, through six generations, Claudio tells us. He’s too young to

We’ll never know if this was the place that set Enzo on the path to eventually building cars that bore his name

Circuito del Mugello

Revival of the Circuito del Mugello from 1964-70 was only made possible by the A1 autostrada. Built in the ’50s and ’60s, this motorway runs down Italy’s spine from Milan to Naples. Its completion took ordinary motorists off mountain roads like the Futa Pass, and meant the racing caused only local disruption.

Safety concerns ultimately brought the fun to an end.

remember even the last Circuito del Mugello event in 1970. But his father can. He calls the old man from the kitchen, where he’s stoking the wood fire that will be used to cook bistecca alla fiorentina – massive, thick-cut T-bone steaks – come lunchtime.

Yes, Vittorio Poletti remembers. Mugello racers stayed here for the race weekend and some would visit beforehand for unofficial testing. Look, that’s my father back then, Claudio says, pointing to a shot of two racing cyclists marooned among the cars on the wall opposite.

Sure enough, one of them is a young Vittorio, proud pro rider for the Ignis team in the early 1960s, just before the 1964 renaissance of the Circuito del Mugello road race. The wiry frame and straight back of the 80-yearold version standing behind the bar proves riding the Giro d’Italia has definite health benefits.

Outside, high on the wall by the bar entrance, is a fresh plaque recording the Circuito del Mugello lap record. It was set in 1970 by Giovanni ‘Nanni’ Galli in a Lola. That time of 29min 36sec for 66km equals an incredible average speed of 134km/h. I’m awestruck.

AFTER the descent from the Futa there’s a tangle of modern roads. Are we still on track? Passing through San Piero a Sieve, the southernmost town on the lap, there’s no sign of where the temporary pits and paddock area set up for the race might have been.

But heading for Scarperia, the nearby town that’s closest to the modern Autodromo del Mugello and where the road begins the climb towards the Giogo Pass, there’s a statue on the left. It’s not a brilliant example of the sculptor’s art, this figure of Emilio Materassi. He was a local driver who won the Circuito del Mugello road race three times in the 1920s, twice defeating a certain young man from Modena. He’s the kind of driver Enzo Ferrari yearned to be, and wasn’t.

Materassi died in a terrible accident during the 1928 Italian Grand Prix. His Talbot, the same lowslung car he’d driven to victory at Mugello that year, left the straight at Monza at high speed and flew into the crowd, killing more than 20 spectators. Today Materassi’s name is unknown, except to Italian motor racing history buffs and passing tourists who stop to look at his likeness. Ferrari, on the other hand, lived long and created a brand known the world over.

Practising open-wheelers are still buzzing round the modern racetrack as I reflect on my 66km drive around the old course. I thumb the red starter button in the shapely steering wheel of the 488 Spider and the V8 drowns them with its pedigree start-up bark.

There’s light and time for another lap of the Circuito del Mugello… Model Ferrari 488 Spider Engine 3902cc V8 (90°), dohc, 32v, twin-turbo Max power 492kW @ 8000rpm Max torque 760Nm @ 3000rpm Transmission 7-speed dual-clutch Kerb weight 1525kg 0-100km/h 3.0sec (claimed) Economy 11.4L/100km Price $526,888 On sale Now